Guide to Sports Betting - Gambling Regulation by State
First in sports betting line
May 14. That is the day the Supreme Court finally overturned the federal ban on sports betting after years of New Jersey petitioning for this decision. First in line to start taking sports betting wagers was renowned bookmaker William Hill.
Expected to be the first taking bets, William Hill spent the past several years building a bar to face the horse racing track at Monmouth Park. Through the addition of TV screens and nearly 30 betting windows, this bar is currently being converted into a sportsbook fit to hold large crowds of horse racing enthusiasts. NJ sports betting is the new hot subject in American gaming and many states are now looking to follow suit.
The beginning of US legal sports betting
Those who were prepared to incorporate legal sports betting, went ahead with the legal changes upon the favorable ruling by the Supreme Court. This group of states includes New Jersey, West Virginia, Delaware and Mississippi.
The next set of states, including California, New York, Illinois, and Michigan, are streaming in slowly behind the others. These states' legislatures are still in session and have pending sports betting bills.
Sports betting regulation by state
Alabama gambling regulation
This southern state is seemingly confused about its position on legalized gambling. The state Constitution of Alabama prohibits just about all forms of gambling and thus far, there have been no legislative proposals to reverse this ruling. However, a Fantasy Sports Bill is currently moving through the state Senate in the Heart of Dixie.
Alaska gambling regulation
There is currently no active legislative on sports betting in Alaska. Laws in this state would need to be appealed or amended before such activity would be permitted.
Arizona gambling regulation
In Arizona, tensions around legal gambling were so high, an armed standoff took place en route to gambling legalization.
The Arizona Department of Gaming confirmed that the issue of sports betting is and will remain illegal until any further action is taken. In the recent session, the legislature of Arizona did not examine any bills relating to sports betting, however, the state's Governor, Doug Ducey, looks at the Supreme Court's decision in a positive light. Ducey believes that a modernized gaming law, originating from the current Arizona Tribal-State Gaming Compact, is a route that could lead to financial benefits and more extensive legislation.
Arkansas gambling regulation
Arkansas has quite restrictive gambling laws. With just two casinos, two racetracks, and no online gambling allowed, Arkansas is not exactly a gambler's state.
The Natural State has always been opposed to augmenting sports betting. In a statement given to USA Today Sports, governor Asa Hutchinson stated that she supports a restrictive approach and plans to review the Supreme Court’s decision. As of now, the state has not acknowledged any legislation around sports betting.
California gambling regulation
California, on the other hand, is closer than ever to legal sports betting. The state currently offers a very wide variety of regulated gambling choices, however, online gambling is still illegal in these state borders.
In July 2017, State Assemblymember Adam Gray pushed an amendment on sports betting, allowing the state to move forward with legal sports betting as long as changes occurred within the federal law. This was an attempt to amend the constitution through the decriminalization of sports betting. Gray stated his belief of bringing the prosperous industry out in the light through sports betting regulation, just as the state regulates other forms of gambling. He went on to say that the safety of the consumers depends on the regulation of gaming, which includes that of sports betting. The bill has recently been active in legislation.
Colorado gambling regulation
Colorado's constitution declares that sports betting is illegal, as is online casino betting and poker. Legalization of this matter would clearly require a vote, as stated by a spokesperson for Gov. John Hickenlooper's office. However, Colorado is one of the few to allow daily fantasy sports betting. Hickenlooper, along with many other governors in the country, is weighing the benefits against the risks of this legalization.
Connecticut gambling regulation
Connecticut is home to two of the world's largest casinos and is destined to play a huge role in the growing sports betting industry. Gov. Dannel Malloy was ready to call a summer session to legalize sports betting, however, the Mashantucket and Pequot tribes who operate the casinos in Foxwoods and Mohegan Sun stood in the way. These tribes currently have the exclusive right to operate sports betting in Connecticut. Violating the deal with the tribes could cost the state over $200 million a yearly.
At the start of 2018, the state issued a regulatory framework for a sports betting bill. Gov. Malloy declared that he may very well call a special session of the General Assembly to discuss legalizing sports betting. Malloy is adamant on considering legal sports betting in a way that guarantees safety of consumers while taking advantage of potential economic opportunities. In hopes of moving this issue forward, Connecticut released a scaled down version of this sports betting bill back in 2017, which had helped to introduce the complete bill at the start of 2018, although the legislative session closed before any formal vote was cast. The situation now is promising enough for FanDuel and DraftKings to have become involved in this state.
Delaware gambling regulation
Despite its small size, Delaware’s business strategy has helped the state jump straight into the world of online gambling.
Under the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (PASPA), sports betting was already somewhat legal in the state of Delaware, however, limited to multi-game NFL bets. Delaware was one of four states which were exempt from the federal sports betting ban. On May 31, once the Supreme Court struck down PASPA, the office of Gov. John Carney issued a statement to begin "a full-scale sports gaming operation." Starting June 5, Delaware began offering single-game betting on multiple sports. This was allowed at three casinos in the state, making it the first state to offer sports betting after PASPA.
Florida gambling regulation
Florida's situation on sports betting is complicated. An amendment on a November ballot stated that if the goal was to expand gambling, it would put the amendment in the hands of a voter referendum rather than the state legislature. If this amendment were to pass, sports betting would fall out of the state legislature's hands completely.
Residents can currently take advantage of social gaming, although online gambling and sports betting are still prohibited in the Sunshine State.
Georgia gambling regulation
As of now, Georgia remains one of the strictest states against sports betting and online gambling. On top of a prohibition on casinos, poker, and sports betting, there is even a law against horse racing and dog racing. Your only option for gambling in Georgia is to take the Emerald Princess Casino cruise out of Brunswick and choose from its 220 slots machines.
In 2017, a bill was introduced to the state legislature, to bring two casinos to Georgia in Atlanta and either Savannah, Columbus, or Augusta. Because this is such a delicate issue, Sen. Brandon Beach and Rep. Ron Stephens proposed the bill, calling for the establishment of two "destination resorts" rather than using the term "casinos."
Although the bill died in February, Governor Nathan Deal was recently quoted saying that he wants to continue down that route regarding gambling regulation in Georgia. Regarding sports betting, Jen Talaber Ryan, the deputy chief of staff for communications in Gov. Nathan Deal's office, stated that legislation regarding these matters does not currently exist and that the start of 2019, when the governor is no longer in office, would be the next best time to begin another debate on the issue of legal sports betting.
Hawaii gambling regulation
Currently, gambling in the state of Hawaii is illegal, however, the board is determining what forms of gaming would be more beneficial for the state. There is currently an active bill which suggests they are examining the costs and benefits of online gambling and sports betting in the state.
Idaho gambling regulation
The Gem State’s governor doesn't seem enthusiastic on allowing sports betting into Idaho, however, reports say he has been rather supportive of the horse industry here. He claims that bringing sports gambling regulation into Idaho would be too strenuous of a process as it would involve changing the state's constitution.
Illinois gambling regulation
This state is no stranger to legal sports betting, as horse race betting was legalized here back in the 1920s. Races operate out of five tracks throughout Illinois, in addition to 37 legal off track betting parlors where one can legally bet on the races.
A few decades ago, the state legalized riverboat casinos. There are currently multiple riverboat casinos in operation today with thousands of slot varieties and hundreds of table games. The Video Gaming Act of 2009 later made it legal for certain businesses to host slot machine terminals within their establishments. However, online gambling and sports betting are currently still illegal - for now.
There are several bills active in the state of Illinois. One of which was introduced in the Senate in January 2018 under the name of the "Sports Betting Consumer Protection Act," allowing the state to authorize sports wagering between licensees within the state. This bill also grants the state the right to require operators to pay taxes on their gross sports betting revenue.
Indiana gambling regulation
As a historically Republican state, it is no surprise that Indiana has had very conservative views and laws around gambling. Currently, there is absolutely no online gambling allowed in the state, therefore no operator is allowed to work within the state borders of Indiana. Social casinos must operate strictly according to the legal standard. Even horse race betting is illegal in this state.
Back in 2015, State Rep. Alan Morrison attempted to file certain bills which would have allowed racetrack casinos to offer sports wagering and DFS betting. Unsurprisingly, both bills failed to advance far enough in the committee for a vote. Despite this failed attempt, Morrison expressed his excitement about the decision. His belief is that regulated legal sports betting in the Hoosier State has a "fairly good" chance of passing next year. President of the Casino Association of Indiana, Matt Bell has stated that in a best-case scenario, sports wagering probably won't happen until September 2019.
State Rep. Alan Morrison sponsored a bill in January 2018 which would designate a 1 percent integrity fee to specific sports leagues along with a requirement of a 9.25 percent tax on sports betting revenue. This bill emerged from a collection of input from the NBA and MLB. On the Senate side, a different sports betting bill was introduced. The legislative session closed without a single vote on either.
Iowa gambling regulation
The Hawkeye State missed out in 2018, however, it looks hopeful for the state to go ahead with regulated sports betting in 2019. State Rep. Jake Highfill plans to introduce a proposal to legalize sports betting in January when the legislature gathers again. This bill would allow on-site sports wagering at the state's 19 licensed casinos and racetracks. An amendment proposed in February 2018 included language pertaining to betting on sports leagues, however, the legislative session terminated without a vote.
Kansas gambling regulation
In Kansas, legalization of sports betting looks somewhat hopeful. Proposed bills relating to sports betting have been introduced and are currently active. These bills differ on where the proposed wagering would be allowed to occur. Some propose sports betting at racetracks only and some also involve other sites.
Rep. Jan Kessinger offered a bill that received a hearing. Kansas held hearings for the sports betting matters before the Supreme Court announced its decision, but made no decisions and took no actions.
Kentucky gambling regulation
Although quite conservative and restrictive regarding gambling laws, the Bluegrass State is seemingly prepared to take on the legalization of regulated sports betting. Home to the most renowned horse race in the world, the Kentucky Derby, this state has a long history in horse race betting.
State Senator Julian Carroll proposed a sports betting bill in the summer of 2017, which would have authorized the Kentucky Horse Racing Commission to manage a sports gambling industry and allowed sports league representatives to work on the racing commission. This 27-page bill would also allow wagering on pro and college sports. It includes a tax rate of 3 percent of the handle and a licensing fee of $250,000.
Carroll expressed that his main concern was to propose gambling regulation for this already somewhat legal industry. The sports betting issue was clouded, however, when another bill was presented regarding the development of casinos in Kentucky.
Louisiana gambling regulation
It was a heated Senate floor for Louisiana on May 15 when Sen. Danny Martiny's efforts to authorize sports betting in the state were derailed. He blighted colleagues in the legislative session, declaring that "We're the laughingstock of the country." Martiny argued "Even Mississippi’s way ahead on this," and concluded, "So, in our quest to be No. 50 in everything, here’s another one." The legislation was conservatively tailored and would have only permitted sports betting at a small amount of land-based racing facilities already running in the state. Needless to say, The Louisiana bill moved nowhere in this legislative session.
Martiny requested that Gov. John Bel Edwards allow the bill to be viewed again at a special session in the following week. Edwards however declined.
Maine gambling regulation
The Pine Tree State is one of the furthest behind in legal sports betting. Maine is, according to Milt Champion, the executive director of Maine's Gambling Control Unit, "very much in the infancy stages" of assessing the matter of sports betting as a whole. The state legislature is not considering any form of sports gambling.
Massachusetts gambling regulation
2011 set Massachusetts off into a progressive direction in sports betting. The 2011 Expanded Gaming Act, signed by Governor Deval Patrick, came about due to the competition with neighboring states. This assisted the job market and the economy of Massachusetts. However, the state has still not seen regulated, legal sports betting.
In January 2018, a Senate bill was floated to investigate sports betting. In February 2018, the Massachusetts Gaming Commission published a thorough 31-page White Paper on the status of regulated sports betting throughout the country and the possibilities that this gambling industry holds for Massachusetts. In this paper, a study for the American Gaming Association by Oxford Economics estimates that Massachusetts could potentially collect $30 to $60 million in annual revenue with the permittance of online sports betting. Sports betting in brick-and-mortar casinos could net approximately $8 to $15 million annually. By recommendation from the Massachusetts Council on Compulsive Gambling, lawmakers are factoring the benefits and pitfalls of this operation. Debate on the potential tax rates for legal sports betting is pointing to a range of about 6.75 percent to 15 percent.
In the past, Massachusetts was one of the pioneers in addressing the legality of DFS and could very well be quick on the sports betting issue as well. The state expects to see an active bill passed in early 2019, legalizing sports betting. This active bill would build a commission responsible for studying and submitting legislation on sports gambling regulation.
Michigan gambling regulation
There has been a long history of gambling in the Great Lakes State, including horse race betting since 1933. Their state lottery has been in operation since 1972 and the state now has more than 20 tribal casinos, three of which are commercial. There are also two horse tracks which could potentially serve as sportsbooks.
In 2017, an attempt was made to adjust the legislation concerning gaming control. This bill would permit casino license holders to engage in regulated legal sports betting practices. The gaming board of Michigan would, therefore, be required to enforce the rules around sports gambling regulations. This isn't the only bill in action, however. There are eight bills pertaining to the expansion of gambling in Michigan. The main focus seems to be on legalizing online sports betting and DFS.
State Republican Rep. Brandt Iden is the driving force behind the legal sports betting bill which would legalize sports betting to casinos throughout Detroit and the rest of Michigan. Lawmakers action on Iden's bill has not yet been determined in the Supreme Court.
Minnesota gambling regulation
There are plenty of tribal casinos in Minnesota, however, that is probably the only type of casino that will ever exist within the state. The Native Americans hold an extremely powerful position in Minnesota as it was the first state to create agreements under the Indian Gambling Regulatory Act of 1988. The state is not allowed to renegotiate without consent from the tribes.
A draft sports betting bill was pushed in the Minnesota legislature in April 2018, and Rep. Pat Garofalo has been strongly supporting the bill, which would have legalized sports betting and created a commission to oversee legal sports betting matters. Mobile betting was included in the draft bill as well. Despite strong efforts by Garofalo, the legislature adjourned without any consideration.
Mississippi gambling regulation
Mississippi has an interesting history with gambling. Modern Poker, after all, was born alongside the Mississippi River. Biloxi, Tunica, and Vicksburg are popular locations known in the South for gambling - all located in Mississippi.
The state of Mississippi passed legislation to permit sports betting as soon as PASPA was overturned. State lawmakers have been moving towards legalizing sports betting in Mississippi for over a year now. In 2017, the Mississippi Legislature legalized sports betting in casinos within the state by shadily deleting a section of the law that prohibited wagering on games occurring outside of casinos. Director Allen Godfrey of the Mississippi Gaming Commission stated that the new Mississippi law enables sports betting, subject to regulation at the discretion of the commission.
In May of 2018, the gaming commission moved forward with the issue and introduced rules to govern sports betting. By August, sports betting launched within the state and two MGM Resorts casinos booked their first sports bets. There are currently 27 sportsbooks operating in Mississippi.
Missouri gambling regulation
The casinos in Missouri are mainly located on riverboats throughout the waterways, while online gambling still exists in a gray area. Sports gambling is somewhat progressing, however.
Several bills that would allow regulated sports betting were introduced in the state legislature early in 2018. The main differences between these bills related to where bets could be placed and the amount of tax revenue collected. Only one of these bills made it past the committee.
Rep. Bart Korman introduced a simple, one-page bill in January 2018, which would have permitted already licensed establishments to expand their offerings to include sports betting, however, this bill did not advance past the committee.
State Rep. Dean Plocher joined forces with Senator Denny Hoskins creating the Comprehensive Missouri Sports Betting and Sports Protection Act. These bills included a 12 percent tax on revenue from legal sports betting along with an integrity fee on bets which would send 20-25 percent of revenue to the leagues. This causes controversy due to the fact that many states are refusing to pay such fees while legalizing sports betting. Since Nevada has been running sports books for decades without fees, nobody else believes it to be necessary.
The state's legislation concluded on May 18 and sports gambling regulation was not an issue to advance. Furthermore, the resignation of Missouri Governor Eric Greitens created distracting issues as he wound up in a sex scandal. Matters will proceed in January 2019, when the legislature's next session commences.
Montana gambling regulation
Montana has already regulated and legalized certain types of sports betting in the state such as wagering on fantasy sports leagues and pools where players can bet against one another, rather than on the house.
If lawmakers plan to expand legal sports betting, it would require new laws or else allowing the Montana Lottery to release new gambling regulation and rules. It is unclear, however, where the Supreme Court stands in light of broadening legal sports betting.
Nebraska gambling regulation
Sports betting is currently illegal and it appears such legislation will remain this way for a while. Gov. Pete Ricketts is a well-known disputant of sports betting who claims that, although he supports states having individual rights, he has no plans to change the laws around sports betting in Nebraska.
Nevada gambling regulation
The Silver State is the OG of gambling in the US. It was the birthplace of legal sports betting in the U.S. and has been legal since 1949. Nevada's mature market makes it an example for other states looking to practice regulating sports betting. Nevada represents excellence in liquidity, oversight, line monitoring, and risk management.
Just about everything gaming related is legally situated in Nevada. Land-based casinos in Nevada offer more slots and table games than all the other states combined. Slots can even be found here in obscure places such as laundromats, gas stations, and restaurants.
Sports betting is legal and bets can be made at sportsbooks located within established casinos. Although there are no active racing tracks with betting in the state, participants can bet on national horse races through sportsbooks. Most sportsbooks in Nevada offer mobile sports betting apps as well so participants can even place wagers through their phones.
New Hampshire gambling regulation
New Hampshire was the fifth state to pass laws allowing for online lottery sales in 2017, however, legalized sports betting is not something that looks hopeful for this little state. Sen. Lou D’Allesandro claimed to push a bill for legalizing sports betting in the January legislative sessions. He has a head start on the matter after last year’s discussions with Caesars representatives regarding setting up a sportsbook. He recognizes the economic potential of jumping on the regulated sports betting train and realizes that it's happening around the nation, therefore, it’s best to move forward with the matter responsibly.
New Jersey gambling regulation
The Garden State has been a battleground for the legalization of sports betting for quite some time. It was the second state to authorize legal sports betting after it won the legal battle on May 14, 2018, for the overturn of PASPA. The state's law which was signed by then-Gov. Chris Christie in 2014 was the driving factor in the final decision made by the Supreme Court. On June 11, 2018, Gov. Phil Murphy signed the bill and was the first to place bets on the morning of June 14, 2018. The first wagers were placed at a William Hill sportsbook at Monmouth Park, followed by the Borgata in Atlantic City thirty minutes later. Other sportsbooks in the state opened soon after. DraftKings Sportsbook launched the first real-money mobile app in the state and is accepting wagers from people located in New Jersey. The state is one of just a few which offer real-money online casino games for its residents and visitors.
Online NJ sports betting began when Draftkings Sportsbook soft launched their app on August 1st. Soon after, PlayMGM launched their Android-only, NJ sports betting mobile app on August 22nd. SugarHouse Online Sportsbook and Casino launched on August 23, becoming the first online gambling operator in the US with a combined online sportsbook and casino. There are now eight brick and mortar sportsbooks in New Jersey and eight online gambling options.
New Mexico gambling regulation
Reports state that there has been no recent consideration regarding the issue of legal sports betting. However, the Santa Ana Star Casino & Hotel partnered with Nevada-based US Bookmaking in order to book its first sports wager on October 16, 2018.
New Mexico has yet to pass any new legislation on sports betting since the Supreme Court ruled out PASPA, but the progress made by the Santa Ana Star Casino & Hotel was a move carried out through a gaming treaty with the state. The Department of the Interior's Office of Indian Affairs reported that the New Mexico agreements permit activities which classify as forms of Class III Gaming.
New York gambling regulation
Legal gambling varies in the Empire State including large casinos, wagering on horse races, as well as a state lottery. Casino gambling came around after the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988 was passed. The state allows on-site betting at the racetracks throughout the state as a voter referendum permitted four commercial casinos to offer sports betting. Although with no sports betting regulations intact, no sportsbooks could open.
NY Sen. John Bonacic stated that New York has been “behind the curve” for too long regarding betting advancements. His pro-gambling allure encouraged other lawmakers to push the issue on legalizing sports betting in New York before the closing of the legislative session in June 2018, although this legislation failed by the end of the session.
The Oneida Indian Nation is now partnering with Caesars Entertainment to offer legal sports betting operations at three different casinos in the state. Once the state sets gambling regulations to govern the sports betting industry, and the plan makes it through the National Indian Gaming Commission, the Oneida Nation will be able to open up these sportsbooks.
North Carolina gambling regulation
North Carolina has a history of fighting hard against legalized gambling. It was the very last East Coast state to introduce a state lottery, which happened in 2015. Horse and dog racing is even illegal here.
Recently the state has not progressed in any legislation regarding sports betting. The state Senate's President Pro Tempore, Phil Berger reported in an interview with The News & Observer that progress of setting up gambling regulation would be slow.
North Dakota gambling regulation
This is one of the least populated states in the U.S., however, it holds hundreds of gambling establishments, many tribal casinos, two racetracks, multi-state lotteries, and one of the highest concentrations of gaming establishments per capita in the country. In fact, Gov. Doug Burgum was one of the state governors who contributed to supporting New Jersey's case in the Supreme Court.
Ohio gambling regulation
Gov. John Kasich does not seem to have much interest in going forward with legal sports betting in the state. The expansion of gambling is not high on the list for the Buckeye State’s legislation, however, in July of 2018, several state senators proposed a bill suggesting some clarity to the discussion of sports betting. The purpose of this temporary bill was to create basic legislation around regulated sports betting.
Considering its location, Ohio seems in a position to be heavily influenced by those states surrounding its borders. Pennsylvania and West Virginia both legalized sports betting after the reverse of the federal sports betting ban. After witnessing New Jersey’s $3.5 million gain from sports betting in the first month of legalization, other states thought to follow suit.
Ohio already has eleven different gambling establishments, located in each of the major cities. Casinos have been on board with sports betting since May of 2018. The state’s four land-based casinos opened their doors between May of 2012 and March of 2013 and in a short amount of time established over 18,000 video gaming and slot options as well as table games, poker, and horse racing.
The infrastructure in Ohio is already set in place for regulated sports betting. It may take some time however if the legislators are clear in their intentions to create gambling regulation and move forward with legal sports betting.
Oklahoma gambling regulation
Although there are no laws around online gambling, betting in unauthorized locations is still prohibited, therefore those from the Sooner State tend to shy away from this activity. The Oklahoma legislature was recently considering language that would legalize sports betting, however, the bill ended up focusing more on the expansion of casino games. In this bill, the wagers placed on game outcomes and athletic performances, collect in a common pool from which winnings are taken. Legislature in 2018 ended with no actions taken on this bill.
Oregon gambling regulation
The Pacific Northwest tends to have a more laid back nature, therefore it comes as no surprise that Oregon's acceptance of betting is quite similar. The Beaver State was one of the few states exempt under PASPA.
In 1989, the Oregon Lottery began offering a parlay card system for the NFL called "Sports Action." The Oregon Lottery had offered a pick 'em game which was football-themed. NBA games were also accessible at the start of 1990, however, the basketball segment was terminated after one year.
The Oregon Lottery soft-launched its mobile app on September 11th, which is now available in the Apple Store. However, sports betting is not expected to come to Oregon until the Fall of 2019.
Pennsylvania gambling regulation
Pennsylvania launched legislation in 2017 which allowed sports betting in the state under state regulation. Signed by Governor Tom Wolf on Oct. 30, 2017, this legislation included preparations for legal sports wagering as well as mobile betting and online gambling, making it the fourth state in the U.S. to allow online gambling. The NFL expresses concerns however regarding consumer protections, data, enforcement, and other issues.
This law is written to require businesses intending to offer sports betting to pay an initial licensing fee of $10 million as well as a 36 percent tax on sports betting revenue. These requirements have the flexibility to change, however, before the law moves into effect. These conditions may prove to be too difficult for potential sports betting operators.
Rhode Island gambling regulation
Gov. Gina Raimondo anticipated the overturn of PASPA and included legal sports betting revenues as part of the state's budget, over a month before the act was overturned. She passed the new bill on June 22, authorizing sports betting to be operated by the state lottery and excluded gambling on collegiate sports in Rhode Island as well as any college sports involving "state college teams." This law excluded mobile wagering. The bill saw no hesitation as it moved through the state legislature and immediately to the Governor's desk. Two locations, Twin Rivers casinos in Lincoln and Tiverton, would be allowed to offer single-game sports betting and the state's lottery would manage the process. Only wagers placed in person would be granted.
South Carolina gambling regulation
This state has some of the strictest gambling laws in the country, especially around online gambling. Typical operators are available in the state, however, it is not smart to proceed to any site with real-world promotions here, as any form of gambling is highly illegal in the Palmetto State.
In South Carolina’s most recent session, legislators discussed amending the state constitution to authorize sports betting, horse race betting, and other forms of gambling. House Minority Leader Todd Rutherford introduced this bill, in an attempt to authorize "sports betting on professional sports," with strict regulations and limitations on specified areas. However, the timing of the bill was off and did not proceed.
South Dakota gambling regulation
After the closing of South Dakota's recent legislative session, Tony Venhuizen, a spokesperson for Gov. Dennis Daugaard's office, explained in an interview that there are no active sports betting bills in the state.
Tennessee gambling regulation
Home to all the cliches of the South including country music, BBQ, and Elvis Presley's birthplace, the Volunteer State has a high degree of southern conservatism. There are absolutely no casinos inside Tennessee's borders. The only form of gambling this southern state claims is its state lottery, which came about in 2002 through a voter referendum. In 2016 Tennessee surprised the country, becoming the third state to legalize DFS, meaning that Tennesseans are allowed to use sites like FanDuel and DraftKings with no penalties.
Online gambling laws are broad in Tennessee as they are in many states. The law which forbids gambling includes “risking anything of value for a profit whose return is to any degree contingent on chance, not including lawful business transactions.” The enforcers focus more on live poker and other forms of gambling for now.
A sports betting seed has been planted by State Sen. Brian Kelsey as he intends to introduce legislation on regulated, legal sports betting in Tennessee. Kelsey's idea is to channel the tax proceeds into children's education. According to press secretary, Jennifer Donnals, the governor is "still reviewing the Supreme Court's decision in the case."
Texas gambling regulation
Is everything really bigger and better in Texas? Gambling laws in the Lone Star State are some of the most restrictive, however, under the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988, tribal communities are exempt from this law. There are just two casinos in the state. Horse and greyhound racing exist at just 8 different tracks, all of which do allow on-site betting. Although off track betting is illegal, in Texas, there are several online sites which allow horse racing bets to be made.
Despite the shift in sports betting regulations around the country, Texas has not made any efforts recently to change their laws and appears to not be so keen on doing so.
Utah gambling regulation
Gambling is strictly forbidden in the Beehive State. The state's anti-gambling stance is even written into the constitution in a code entitled “Offenses Against Public Health, Safety, Welfare, and Morals.”
Paul Edwards, Gov. Gary Herbert's deputy chief of staff and spokesperson, recently stated that they have no intentions of bringing legal sports betting to Utah anytime soon. Edwards stated that the governor plans to exercise states’ rights by continuing to prohibit gambling within the state of Utah.
Vermont gambling regulation
Gambling is illegal in the tiny state of Vermont and there are no casinos anywhere within the state borders - no commercial or tribal casinos and not even a single racetrack. Residents in search of gambling options must travel to neighboring states like New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, or even Canada. So far, the state lottery is the only real-money wagering option in Vermont. There has not been news of any change in gambling regulation and Attorney general T.J. Donovan claims that won’t be changing anytime soon.
Virginia gambling regulation
Virginia has never been much of a gambling state, therefore it doesn't come as much of a surprise that Virginia's only racetrack, the Colonial Downs, is now being converted into a golf course. The only options for residents to bet on games of chance would be the five off track betting parlors spread throughout the state. A sixth parlor was recently approved in Richmond. Legislators are reportedly reviewing the current laws on gambling within the Old Dominion State.
Washington gambling regulation
This progressive state has had favorable regulations around most gambling for quite some time now. Since the 70s, Washington State has been moving in a consistently positive direction in regards to casino gambling. The Indian Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988 started bringing casinos and in 2016, these tribal casinos raked in over $2.2 billion dollars.
Online gambling, however, is seen in a much different light here. Unlike most other states where online gambling lies in a strange gray area, in the state of Washington, online gambling, including DFS, is extremely illegal. In fact, here it is considered a felony. There have been attempts to reverse the stance against DFS, however, these attempts have all died in the legislature. The Washington State Gambling Commission explained that it would most likely require a 60 percent majority vote from the state legislature in order to legalize sports betting.
West Virginia gambling regulation
The Mountain State recently became the fifth state to offer legal sports betting when the new bill passed legislation in March 2018. Months later the legislature passed a new bill setting the state’s gaming regulation. The West Virginia Lottery Commission serves as the chief regulator on in-person and online sports betting.
Hollywood Casino soft-launched its sportsbook - owned by Penn National - on August 30, 2018. Soon after the Casino Club at The Greenbrier Resort revealed its attractive sportsbook on Sept 13, 2018. Several other casinos in the state are now in the process of securing sports betting permits. By law, all five casino properties in West Virginia are permitted to create online sports betting sites and apps.
Wisconsin gambling regulation
Wisconsin’s gambling laws are just as down to earth as the people who live there - similar to the gambling laws for the majority of the nation. Gambling must exist on tribal lands and the laws around online gambling exist in an all too familiar grey area.
State representative, Tyler Vorpagel, intends to reintroduce a bill to legalize regulated wagering on DFS. His bill, if passed, could create a regulatory structure for operators to provide their services within the state. Although the first bill failed to pass the legislature, it represents a movement to legalize online gambling.
Sports betting is still prohibited in the Badger State. There is no pending legislation on the matter though tribal casinos in this state may attempt to amend gaming agreements in an effort to allow sports betting at their current casinos.
Wyoming gambling regulation
Horse racing and dog racing are permitted in the Cowboy State. There are off track betting parlors and tribal casinos spread throughout the state. In recent years Wyoming approved a state lottery. The state has not recently examined any sports betting legislation, however.